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11-12 June 2025 

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Commercialisation of crop robots in Europe “stymied by regulation”

The commercialisation of crop robots in Europe is stymied by regulation, Harper Adams University researchers and colleagues have told German researchers.

Professor James Lowenberg-DeBoer, holder of the Elizabeth Creak Chair in Agri-Tech Applied Economics at Harper Adams University, highlighted the current use and regulation of crop robots across Europe during a recent virtual presentation to the Bavarian State Research Centre for Agriculture.

The presentation drew on the work Harper Adams academics have completed alongside colleagues in the UK, Europe and the United States.

This research suggests the use of crop robots has not yet been fully realised – and that the right regulatory environment needed to maximise their effect will need careful consideration.

As part of this work, Professor Lowenberg-DeBoer used the Harper Adams Hands Free Farm economic model to estimate the impact of various regulatory options and their impact.

He said: “Crop robots have the potential to transform UK agriculture and create entrepreneurial opportunities on small and medium sized farms, but it needs the right kind of regulation to foster the development and use of the technology."

The session was viewed by researchers and professionals from across Europe - and Professor Lowenberg-DeBoer is in the process of preparing the research he presented upon for publication.

Collaborators on the work include Harper Adams academics Karl Behrendt and Iona-Yuelu Huang – as well as those at other institutions across the globe.

The British Standards Institute is starting the process of creating a code of practice for autonomous crop equipment in the UK based on some of the findings presented during the session.

This work which will be supported by academics at Harper Adams, who will be providing technical analysis as the code is developed and examining the economic consequences various code of practice rules may have.



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